As winter approaches, we get our winter clothes out of storage, weatherproof our homes and limit our activity outdoors. We also begin to prepare for winter holidays. In addition to preparing ourselves for winter, providing a safe environment for our pets is also important. Outdoor Threats Some products that are used in the cold, icy wintertime have the potential to cause injury or illness to our pets.
Category First aid for cats
Pets are inquisitive and, if not carefully monitored, can get into all kinds of trouble. In addition to curiosity, there are some malicious people in the world that can cause serious injury to our pets. Though not a common problem, getting products like paint, tar and grease in their fur can be frustrating.
Estrogen toxicity is a condition in which a group of estrogen compounds (female hormones), either produced in excess within the body or administered from the outside, become poisonous to the body. Estrogen toxicity is seen most commonly in reproductive-age females and aged males. Estrogen toxicity can occur due to estrogen-producing tumors or from the administration of estrogen type medications.
If your cat's eyes begin to discharge matter, it is time to pay close attention. The heavier the discharge, the more serious the problem is likely to be. Matter flowing from the eyes is called an ocular discharge and is a principal sign of eye disease. In simplest form, it represents the response of the eye to an irritation or injury or an inability to properly drain tears or secretions.
The fully grown female black widow spider of the familiar North American species is about 1/2 to 1 inch (1.2 to 2.54 cm) long and is typically shiny black with an hourglass-shaped red mark on the underside of the abdomen. Their preference is to live in warm, dry areas with mild winters. For this reason, they primarily live in the eastern and southwestern parts of the United States.
Though most toads are bitter tasting and usually result in profuse drooling in any pet that tries to take a taste, only a couple of species of toads are truly poisonous. The poisonous secretions from these toads can affect animals who come in contact with them, causing a host of clinical signs. The poison is highly toxic to pets.
Mushroom poisoning occurs as a result of ingesting toxic mushrooms. Not all mushrooms are poisonous, but each type of poisonous mushroom can cause different signs of illness. Poisonous mushrooms are classified into four main categories, based on the clinical signs they cause, or into seven categories, based on the toxins they contain.
Acetaminophen is a medication commonly used to alleviate fever and pain. Common brands include Tylenol®, Percoset®, aspirin free Excedrin®, Feverall®, Liquiprin®, Panadol®, Tempra®, Pamprin®, Midol® and various sinus, cold and flu medications. It is often found in combination in cold and flui products - many of which are labeled as "aspirin-free".
Ethylene glycol toxicosis is a type of poisoning that occurs after ingestion of antifreeze or other fluids containing the ingredient ethylene glycol. Ethylene glycol itself is not toxic, but it is metabolized in the animal's body to several extremely toxic chemicals that are responsible for its potentially lethal effects.
Usually used as a crime deterrent, mace and pepper spray are rarely sprayed on animals. Both have the same effects on dogs and cats as they do on people. They will burn the eyes and mouth. What to Watch For Squinting Crying Rubbing eyes/face Drooling Excessive licking Whining Reddened inflamed skin Veterinary Care Diagnosis of mace or pepper spray is based on known exposure to the spray and the physical exam findings.
The brown recluse spider is 1/2 inch to 2 inches (1.2 cm to 5 cm) long. They are usually identified by a distinctive fiddle-shaped mark on their back. The brown recluse spider is present throughout the United States, especially through southern United States. They tend to hide in dark, secluded areas and usually only bite when they feel they are threatened or their area is invaded.
Naproxen is a popular and effective over-the-counter medication available to treat pain and inflammation in people. For cats, naproxen can easily exceed toxic levels. The most common cause of naproxen toxicity is a well-meaning owner who gives the medication without knowing the toxic dose. The initial toxic effect is bleeding stomach ulcers.
Ibuprofen is a popular and effective over-the-counter medication available to treat pain and inflammation in people. For cats, ibuprofen can easily exceed toxic levels. The most common cause of ibuprofen toxicity is a well-meaning owner trying to alleviate pain in his cat who administers a dose he thinks is adequate without knowing the toxic dose.
Lizard toxicity is characterized by the venomous bite of one of two kinds of venomous lizards, causing a myriad of clinical signs. The Gila monster and Mexican beaded lizard bites are the only ones considered toxic. These lizards deliver their toxins to the victim by injecting a toxin from glands within their lower jaw.
There are four words every cat should know: Never chase a skunk. Skunks are well known for their defense system. They spray a thick, yellow, oily - and very stinky - secretion from two scent glands located on either side of the anus. The principle component of the odor is an organic compound called mercaptan, and that's why it smells so bad.
Aspirin toxicity (salicylate toxicity) is poisoning that occurs following the ingestion of aspirin or aspirin-containing products. Aspirin toxicity usually occurs because of the ingestion of improperly stored drugs or the administration of the incorrect dose of aspirin. Cats are more susceptible to the effects of aspirin than are dogs because they are unable to metabolize the drug as quickly.
Our homes and environments are shared by numerous animal species. Some we chose to live with but many are unwelcome. Snakes, spiders and various bugs are loved, enjoyed and studied by a few but many people find them nuisances, creepy and even dangerous. A few of these critters are even venomous, worsening the fears of some individuals.
We all know cats are too often bitten by fleas. But we don't realize that our feline friends can also be bitten and stung by other insects - in fact, the same insects that plague us humans. To make matters worse, your cat is just as susceptible to an allergic reaction from insect bites and stings and these can occur in cats of any age, breed, or sex.
Rodenticide poisoning is the accidental ingestion of products used to kill "rodents" such as mice, rats and gophers. These products are common and accidental exposure is frequent. Poisoning is most commonly caused by ingestion of a product containing one of the following ingredients: Bromethalin Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) Strychnine Zinc phosphide Anticoagulant (warfarin, fumarin, chlorophacinone, diphacinone, difethialone, pindone, bromadiolone, brodaficoum) Younger and older pets tend to be more sensitive to the affects of toxicity and underlying liver disease can exacerbate toxicity.
The ever-increasing prevalence of illicit drugs in our society often affects our pets. Exposure to certain drugs, most commonly marijuana and cocaine, can have deleterious effects, especially if not treated. Unfortunately, because of the illegal nature of these drugs, diagnosis and treatment are sometimes delayed.
A hurricane marches up the eastern coast toward your town. Do you know how to keep your pets safe? Although we can't prevent many disasters, we can certainly learn how to deal with them. Disasters come in two forms: natural and man-made. Natural disasters, are the most predictable because they are often seasonal.